CBD oil, also known as Cannabidiol is an important Cannabinoid present in the Cannabis plant. It is found in variable quantities according to its trunk or strain but it can even represent up to 40% of its extract. It is considered psychotropic because it acts directly on the central nervous system, however, unlike other compounds, CBD oil does not generate strong psychoactive effects so it can be used for medicinal and therapeutic purposes.
The use of Cannabidiol goes back to 1940, year in which it was isolated from the rest of the compounds present in the plant but its functions and benefits were determined 20 years later, in 1960. Originally, this product was intended to be used specifically as an inhibitor of the effects caused by the substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), that is to say, it was defined as an allosteric negative modulator or antagonist, but, over time, the benefits that has this compound by itself and how beneficial it can be for health were discovered.
Although THC is better known, the CBD has a characteristic that makes it more versatile and useful. This generates an impulse in the nervous system that activates and potentiates its responses through the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a group of endogenous receptors that all mammals possess in their brains. It works directly with the central and peripheral nervous system and consists of neuromodulatory lipids, products of metabolism, and receptors; which means that it can be part of common physiological processes such as humor, appetite, mood and pain, in addition, it is responsible for controlling the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
The two most important types of cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2, these are mainly found in the brain and the central and peripheral nervous systems. Their main purpose is to regulate the variety of functions performed by neurotransmitter substances such as serotonin and anandamide, for that reason, the CBD is able to influence them significantly since it is a cannabinoid very similar to those generated by the organism in a natural way. Cannabis possesses 104 cannabinoids and its vast majority acts on the body in the same way as those that are created naturally within it.
The advantage of the CDB over other components is that it has no psychoactive effects, so it can be used with less risk than the rest. This product has a wide range of indications based on its psychotherapeutic properties; however, it is important to know that it plays, mostly, a complementary role at the time of treating some type of disease since it does not have healing attributes as such. It means that it can be used to control the symptoms caused by certain pathologies but it does not attack them directly.
The CDB oil can be a homemade product because it is made by diluting the compound extracted from the plant in carrier oil. This could be, for example, coconut, olive, sunflower or hemp oil. Besides the oil, the CBD can be found in other presentations: diluted in water, in capsules, in dyes, in spray, in infusion of plants and in creams.